Home Extra Knowledge How to cultivate milky mushroom in India?     

How to cultivate milky mushroom in India?     

How to cultivate milky mushroom?        

In India, mushrooms eat with great fervor. It produces a lot of them. People like it very much in India. There are many types of mushrooms. But Oyster, Milky, and button mushrooms are treated as food. A medicinal mushroom that is Cordyceps found in hilly areas.  India cultivates milky mushrooms in a major quantity. The milky mushroom has another name that is the Summer mushroom. It is a long size mushroom. The color of this mushroom is white like milk. So, the name is Milky Mushroom. It is largely found in India. Thatswhy, it is popular in India. From 1976, the artificial cultivation stars in West Bengal.

Cultivation of Milky Mushroom grows in so many states of India like –

Andhra Pradesh,  Odisha, Tamilnadu,  Kerala, and Karnataka.

The climate condition of these states is suitable for the better growth of Milky Mushroom. Therefore, Farmer preferred this mushroom cultivation for commercial purposes than the paddy straw mushroom.

Taxonomy of Milky Mushroom

milky mushroom polybag
Milky mushroom polybag

Kingdom:    Fungi

Division:     Basidiomycota

Class:           Agaricomycetes

Order:         Agaricales

Family:       Lyophyllaceae

Genus:        Calocybe

Best species of Milky Mushroom Cultivation in India

  • Calocybe cyanella
  • Calocybe indica — milky mushroom

Benefits of Milky Mushroom cultivation

  • It is a simple cultivation process
  • The yield is about 80-100%.
  • Cellulosic waste materials are used to prepared the basal substrate.
  • The shape and color are preferable for buyers.
  • The shelf life of this mushroom is long. So, it stores for 3-4 days.
  • The demand for this mushroom is high.

Climate for cultivation

  • Temperature

The optimum temperature for the better growth of Milky Mushroom is 25-35ºC.  The cultivation time is from March to October.

  • Relative humidity

Relative humidity required like80 -90%. High humidity requires to prevent the roughness of the top.

  • Light

It requires Low light for this cultivation.

  • Ventilation

More oxygen supply is required for fruiting.

The material requirement for cultivation

Milky Mushroom Bed
Milky Mushroom Bed

Substrate:

  • Paddy straw.
  • Wheat straw.
  • Maize jowar.
  • Barley straw.
  • Bajra stalk.
  • Sugarcane bagasse.
  • Groundnut haulms.
  • Wheat bran.
  • Cotton waste.

The upper material can prepare the substrate. Among this Paddy, straw is best. About 1 kg of dry straw is required for raising a single bag.

Mushroom Spawn:

The spawn should be prepared in a good laboratory. The age of the spawn should be three weeks to one month to produce a good quality product. 100 gm seeds required for raising one bag.

 Organic supplement:

  • Pasteurized maize meal.
  • Pasteurized wheat bran.
  • Paddy husk.
  • Boiled wheat grain.

About 100-150 gm per is used per bag.

Polythene bag or tube:

  • 60 x 40 cm dimension.
  • 100 gauge thickness.
  • Both side open.

The above container is ideal for the cultivation of milky mushroom.

Cultivation procedure

Milky Mushroom Farming Procedure
Milky Mushroom Farming Procedure

There are few steps for cultivation

  • Substrate preparation

Cut the high-quality paddy straws into small pieces. Then, wash the pieces and put on a cold freshwater for six to ten hours. Next, remove the excess water after shocking. The paddy straw should contain 50-55% water for better productivity.

  • Raising of bag

First, tie the one side of the polythene tube by a rubber band. Then, put the prepared substrate in the polybag. The height of the substrate should be 7.5 cm. Then, gently pressed the substrate.

Then, place about 35 gm of spawn peripherally on the substrate. Make about 3 such layers. Then, close the upper portion of that bag by a thin layer of the substrate.

To provide better facility air exchange. About 15 to 25 holes are around the side of the polybag. Moreover, the temperature must be in the range of 25-35ºC and the relative humidity in the range of 75-80%.

It required about 20 days for fully colonized. Then, the bags are ready for casting and shifted to the cropping area.

  • Casing

It is a final and important process. In this process the upper portion is of the bag is covered by pasteurized casing material. The layer thickness is about 2-3 cm. The casing material is highly porous.

It helps to good airflow and also gives physical strength. It also helps to hold the moisture. The casing material consists of 50% soil and 50% compost.  Chalk powder is added to maintain the pH at 7.8 -7.9.  Then, it is pasteurized for sterilization.

 

  • Harvesting

10 days after casing the mushroom is reached to the top of the soil. If the climate is appropriate the mushroom can be harvested within a week. When the height of the mushroom would be 7-10 cm the harvesting procedure is started.

After that, the mushrooms are harvested by twisting the head. In this way, within 40 days duration around 800-1000 gm mushroom maybe gain.

  • Packing

The mushrooms are packed in a polyethylene or polypropylene bag.

                                  You can read :>>>>>>

Milky Mushroom disease

milky mushroom farming
milky mushroom farming

  • Fungal disease.
  • Dry bubble.
  • Wet bubble.
  • Cobweb.
  • Bacterial disease.
  • Bacterial spot.
  • Brown blotch.
  • Mummy disease.
  • Viral disease.
  • Green Moulds.
  • Cinnamon Moulds.
  • Pink Moulds.
  • Inkcap.

Treatment of disease

The casing soil treats to cure the infection among the mushroom

Chemicals Against Pathogen Doze
Benomyl and Carbendazim. Dactylium, Mycogone, Trichoderma, Verticillium. Mix 240 g/100ml.
With casing or in water.
Chlorothalonil.  Mycogen, Verticillium. 200 ml for1st spray within1 week after casing  200ml  and after 2 week 100ml.
Prochloroz manganese. Dactylium, Mycogone, Verticillium. 300g/ 100 ml for single spray Or 113 g/100 ml for 2 times spray.
Thiabendazole. Dactylium, Mycogone, Verticillium. Mix 240 g/100ml.
With casing or in water.
Zineb. Dactylium, Mycogone, Verticillium. 350 g/ 100ml with (dust) every week and after casing.
1 kg/1000 ml.

Exporting countries of Indian Milky Mushroom

  • United sate.
  • Israel.
  • Mexico.

 

Milky  Mushroom Food dishes

Milky Mushroom Dish
Milky Mushroom Dish

  • Kombu Barthad (Mushroom Chilly Fry).
  • Shahi Mushroom.
  • Kalan Milagu.
  • Mushroom Chettinad.
  • Mushroom Kofta in Tomato Gravy.
  • Potato and Mushroom Kebabs.
  • Stuffed Dhaniya & Pepper Mushrooms.
  • Mushroom Utthapam.
  • Matar Mushroom Sukhe.
  • Mushroom Xacuti.

 

 

 

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